Royal Succession of His Imperial Majesty King ROMAN of EUROPA and LITHUANIA, and Count Dambski of Lubraniec (Poland).
His Imperial Majesty is also Grand Prince/Duke of Novgorod and Vladimir; and Prince/ Duke of Aukstota, Belarus (GD), Bryansk, Chernigov, Chernobyl, Galicz, Gedroyc, Grodno, Kiev, Kosovo, Krvac, Livonia, Lvov, Minsk, Moldova, Novaharodak, Ossetia, Oswiecim/Auschwitz, Palanga, Perjaslavl, Pinsk, Polotsk, Pskov, Ratno, Riazan, Rostov, Samogitia, Santok, Smolensk, Starodub, Trakai, Turau, Tver, Ukraine (GD), and Vitebsk; and Prince and King Elector.
Notes: (a) the Grand Principality/Duchy of Lithuania included Belarus and Ukraine, before they were usurped and became republics in 1991, and with them Lithuania now constitutes a Kingdom; (b) King Roman was self crowned at Darwin on 24 May 2005, according to precedents set among others by Emperor Napoleon 1 of France, and Emperor Pedro 1 of Brazil!
Vilnius genealogist Sigita Gasparaviciene confirmed the princely Gedroyc lineage/ Royal Succession, and various letters patent including from Vilnius 1811 (copy held by King Roman) and St Petersburg 1873 (advised transferred from St Petersburg to Moscow).
Darwin lawyer Anthony Dean Buckland determined additional titles which accrue to the current Grand Prince/Grand Duke/ King of Lithuania (see above), by his Royal Succession. The original Grand Prince/Duke title was apparently granted to Gedroyc by King Zygmunt II of Poland in 1569, held in St Petersburg, and transferred to Moscow.
In 1251, Mindaugas, the Grand Duke Lithuania, became King of Lithuania. He was crowned in 1253 with a crown sent by Pope Innocent IV (who sanctioned the Inquisition), and he was assassinated 10 years later in 1263.
In the 14th century, Grand Duke Gediminas (1316-1342) married three times and had 13 children. He made Vilnius his capital in 1322, was proclaimed King of Lithuania in 1341, and died at the siege of Wielowa in 1342.
Grand Duke Vytautas - the Great - (1350-1430) had one child to his first of two marriages. He was proclaimed King of Lithuania in January 1429, and died at Trakai in 1430.
Although Lithuanian historians regard Gediminas and Vytautas as grand dukes only, because they were not actually crowned king, the British royal succession, for example, has no such qualms. History dictates that a king is a king whether crowned or not, and whether or not he takes the crown by force as the illegitimate William 1, Duke of Normandy in France, did in 1066.
In 1368 Grand Duke Jogaila of Lithuania married the young Polish King (sic.) Jadwiga (12) and became King of Poland. As with the Polish word for Prince which may also mean Duke, the Polish word for King may also mean Queen.
In 1569, Lithuania and Poland were federated by the Union of Lublin. Krakow, in the south of Poland, was the king's capital at the time. The same year, 1569, the last of the royal Lithuanian-Polish bloodline from Jogaila, King Zygmunt 2, elevated Prince Gedroyc to Grand Prince for greater Lithuania (which then included Belarus and Ukraine).
From 1572, when King Zygmunt 2 died, until 1795 when Czarina Catherine (the Great) of Russia acquired Lithuania by partition, Poland-Lithuania was ruled by elected kings. The royal bloodline Gedroyc continued to be patented through the 19th century, at Vilnius in 1811 and several times at St Petersburg through to 1873*.
Recent Hereditary Royal Succession
Grand Prince Tadeusz Gedroyc (1734-1811) married Anna Towianska;
Antoni Stanislaw Gedroyc (1755-1830) & Julijana Miedzichowska;
Ignacy Rafal Antoni Gedroyc* (1793-1873) & Elzbieta Dobrzanska;
Jaroslaw Jan Gedroyc* (1832-1912) & Paulina Orda;
Wladislaw Ignacy Marek Gedroyc* (1862-1943) - LP 1873 St Petersburg -
married Renee, Marquise de Pourbaix, at Horodec in 1904.
Prince Wladislaw's first child and heir Princess Paulina, Prince Roman's stepmother, was born at Mostyska in 1905 (+1993 Warsaw).
Count Roman Dambski of Lubraniec married heiress Princess Paulina Gedroyc in 1927 at Lwow and became Prince Roman 1.
Prince Roman 1 sired two Scottish children by Catherine Waersegers (m. Mann) - Prince Ronald (now King Roman) in 1942 and Princess Christine in 1945.
In 1943, Prince Wladislaw Gedroyc (1862-1943) died at Zubracze, from which time by Royal Succession the Lithuanian Royal House of Dambski originated, passing to Mann-Dambski in 1967.
Royal Tomb of Prince Wladislaw Gedroyc, hereditary Grand Duke of Lithuania, at Zubracze where he was born and was buried
Royal Tomb of Prince Wladislaw's wife, Princess Renata, hereditary Grand Duchess of Lithuania
Prince Wladislaw and Princess Renata
Recent lineage of the Grand Duchy/ Kingdom of Lithuania
Note that the Gedroyc arms in the lineage below, while not unacceptable, are incorrect - the shield, as indicated on Letters Patent from Vilnius 1811, contains a Rose above a Hippocentaur
1. King Roman's biological father Lieutenant Grand Prince Roman 1 Dambski of Lithuania, Count of Lubraniec Poland, biochemist who worked at Paderewski Hospital (attached to Edinburgh University) from 1940 - 1947, during which period Paulina was officially declared dead and Roman 1's Scottish children were born by Katherine of Edinburgh, Prince Ronald 1942 and Princess Christine 1945
2. Roman 1's Scottish Family 3. Entrance to Lubraniec 4. Letter from Augustus 3 to Kazimierz Count Lubraniec Dambski 5. King Roman from 2004 6. Nobles proceeding to town hall for inaugural meeting of LBKS Vilnius 23 April 1994 which applauded restoring Lithuanian monarchy